Black History: Still Not Popularly Written
The 13th Amendment didn't apply to me as a Black man with a developmental disability.
One author wrote:
“Involuntary servitude,” or “peonage,” occurs when a person is forced to work against his or her will, with little or no control over working conditions. This work might be paid or unpaid. The Thirteenth Amendment, prohibiting slavery and outlawing involuntary servitude, was passed in 1865 shortly before the end of the Civil War. Unfortunately, this protection was not extended to people with developmental disabilities until nearly a century after the passage of the 13th Amendment." Ref https://disabilityjustice.org/right-to-self-determination-freedom-from-involuntary-servitude/
No wonder the documentary, "13th Amendment" had nothing to say about Black disabled people. As we all know, freedom of a slave depended on his or her ability to work. So, non-disabled people were promised freedom while Black disabled people were locked up in large, run-down, segregated institutions, like mental health hospitals and some prisons. And today, with the high rates of Black youth in special education, they are caught in the Pipeline to Prison.
So when I watch or read documentaries and books like "13th Amendment" and "New Jim Crow" and not see or read in depth the experience of Black disabled people, it makes me shake my head!
Leroy F. Moore Jr.
Member, NBDC and Founder of Krip-Hop Nation